Welcome to the Investigating Directorate (ID)
The President of the Republic of South Africa established the Investigating Directorate (ID) in terms of a proclamation by government gazette in Proc. 20 GG 42383 of 4 April 2019, as an instrument in the fight against corruption. The ID will focus on the investigation of corrupt activities in the following instances:
1. Common law offences including fraud, forgery, uttering, theft and any offence involving dishonesty.
2. Statutory offences including but not limited to:
a. The Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act 6 of 2000;
b. The Prevention of Organised Crime Act 121 of 1988;
c. The Public Finance Management Act 1 of 1999;
d. The Municipal Management Act 56 of 2003;
e. The Financial Intelligence Centre Act 38 of 2001; and
f. Any other statutory offence involving dishonesty.
3. Any unlawful activities relating to serious, high profile or complex corruption including but not limited to offences or criminal or unlawful activities arising from identified commissions and inquiries.
It is envisaged that the ID will be responsible for only a very small portion of corruption cases currently being investigated and prosecuted in the criminal justice system and priority cases within each of the focus areas will be carefully selected. This is to ensure that the cases that are authorised for investigation by the ID are focused at the correct level. The following factors may be taken into account when cases are considered for investigation by the Directorate:
The apparent corruption has undermined (or threatens to undermine):
- the integrity of the state itself, the economy and/or the reputation and integrity of the country; the performance of a government function, the operations of a governmental unit,
- rather than only tarnishing a small number of individual officials serving at low-or mid-level;
- a public or private sector institution from accomplishing its institutional mandate and functions or would change one or more aspects of government processes, procedures, rules, policies, regulations, or laws in ways intended to serve private interests rather than the public interest.
- the complexity and nature of the offence warrants the application of specialist skills (analysis, forensic accounting, etc.), powers (section 28 of the NPA Act powers),and resources (dedicated and/or co-location of personnel);
- whether the apparent criminality is a new species of corruption.
- a minimum benefit of R10 million was obtained as a result of the criminal conduct.
- there are articulable reasons to believe that other investigators or prosecutors may be compromised in the investigation and prosecution of the apparent corruption.
To get clarity or guidance on how corruption cases are reported to ID, please refer to the FAQs page.